DIY bathroom repair: work sequence
The correct work sequence is essential for any repair, no matter how difficult it is. Do-it-yourself bathroom and toilet repair require especially careful observance of the plan order since if the stages of work are not complete on time, you can ruin what has already been done. It is impossible, for example, to finish the walls and floors, and, also facing some problems like toilet flushes slow, wiring and pipes leakage, etc. The specificity of the repair of a bathroom and its necessaries, firstly, in the small size of the room, and secondly, in a large concentration of various devices and communications. Bathroom and toilet renovations done less frequently than living quarters, but usually more thoroughly. That is why the most important stage, which in no case should be neglected, is the preparation of a detailed repair plan.
We draw up a plan for the repair of a bathroom
The first thing to do during the planning phase:
- Decide on the design and style of the future bathroom and toilet, choose a color scheme. Traditionally, bathtubs decorate in pastel colors; two shades will look most successful, for example, green and olive, beige and peach, blue and light blue.
- Decide what types of materials will be used in the decoration. Most often, tiles, plastic panels, porcelain stoneware, mosaics are used to decorate a bathroom.
- Inspect the plumbing and, if necessary, decide on replacement options. When shopping for new plumbing fixtures, be sure to make sure they are the right size.
- Measure the parameters of the room (height, width, length) and calculate the area. Think over the location of plumbing fixtures and other necessary details and draw a detailed plan. It is necessary to decide how and where the bath or shower, sink, toilet, mirror, heated towel rail, the washing machine will locate.
Tip: when planning, you need to take into account that after plastering the walls, the dimensions may change slightly. This should be taken into account when buying everything you need, and if you were not sure about the size, postpone this item until the moment when the rough finish is ready. The scale of do-it-yourself repairs in the bathroom depends on various factors: the degree of wear and tear of pipes and plumbing, the obsolescence of the finish, the desire to update the design of the room. Consider the sequence of actions for a major overhaul, which involves the replacement of electrical communications and water supply, plumbing fixtures, and redevelopment of the premises.
An approximate work plan will be as follows:
- removal of plumbing and all interfering objects;
- dismantling of old coatings, doors;
- demolition of partitions (if necessary);
- dismantling of plumbing and electrical wiring;
- leveling the floor;
- replacement of risers and pipes for water supply and sewerage;
- installation of electrical wiring;
- finishing of the floor, walls, and ceiling;
- installation of plumbing fixtures;
- installation of a door and electrical equipment.
Now let’s consider each stage of the repair in more detail.
We dismantle and remove all unnecessary
At the dismantling stage, the following work will have to be done:
- Remove the door along with the jamb. It is advisable to perform this item in the first place since it will be easier to take out debris and bring in materials and tools through a free doorway. If it is not planning to change the door, it is still better to remove the door from the hinges and remove it so that it does not interfere, as well as to avoid damage to it.
- Dismantle and remove the old plumbing. Even if you are not going to change the sink or toilet, it is better to remove and take them out during the repair. If this is not possible, you need to reliably protect them from chips and cracks. On fragile objects, you can lay foam rubber, rags, or polystyrene and close it with a film, securing it with tape.
- Remove the partitions. This is necessary if you are expanding the bathroom or making a combined bathroom.
- Remove old coatings: ceramic tiles, paint, loose plaster from walls and floors. The tile is easily beaten off with a perforator.
Align the floor and walls
The bathroom floor should be smooth and level. You can make it this way in different ways.
- “Self-leveling floor” is a self-leveling screed based on gypsum or cement. Sold as a dry mix, suitable for DIY styling. The diluted solution is simply poured across the floor and rolled with a needle roller.
- The use of a gypsum-based plaster mixture and additionally a water-repellent mixture, especially in the bathroom. Waterproofing material needs to cover not only the floor but also part of the walls near the bath or shower.
- If necessary, after the waterproofing device, a concrete screed is made. If it is already there, before the finishing lining, you need to apply a waterproofing mastic on it and use waterproof glue for the tiles.
Walls can be leveled with plaster or moisture-resistant drywall sheets. The latter material has several advantages over plastered walls.
- Firstly, drywall is great as a base for tiles.
- Secondly, when decorating the walls of the gypsum board, the work of laying electrical wiring is greatly simplified, since the wires can be placed in the frame of the wall structure.
USEFUL INFORMATION: Bath design in black and white (14 photos)
Plumbing and sewerage
Old pipes must remove to the very riser. The plumbing and sewer pipes must also be replaced at this stage since it will be difficult to do later. This work requires certain qualifications, so it is better to invite a master to carry it out.
Internal pipe routing is quite within the power to do it yourself.
The work is carried out in the following sequence:
- the risers were given the necessary configuration;
- hidden pipe wiring laid to the points of water intake;
- a heated towel rail install in the bathroom;
- filters are install
- emergency water shut-off taps install;
- if necessary, a water heating system integrates.
Useful tips when doing DIY repairs
- The hot water pipe must be position above the cold pipe.
- With a large number of points of water intake, it will be more convenient to have a collector connection system, which involves conducting a separate pipe to each point.
- The paths of the sewer and water pipes make directly on the walls.
- It is customary to install a bathroom faucet 10 cm above the side of the bath, the optimal distance between the pipes that go to the mixer is 15 cm.
- It is necessary to mark the place where the cold water pipe for the washing machine passes; the pipe outlet should be at a distance of 50 cm from the floor.
- Sewer pipes are an angle for draining.
- Risers can be closed using a metal profile box and moisture-resistant drywall, which is then plaster.
- Do not forget about the technical hatch on the box for access to the meters and the tap.
In order not to damage the final finish, the electrical wiring is pre-install. If you hide the wiring in metal pipes, then in the future you will not need to open the walls to replace it, you can simply pull out the wires.
Due to high humidity conditions, the wiring must install strictly according to the rules:
- sockets and appliances must be ground;
- switches, lamps, sockets, and cables must protect from moisture and high temperatures;
- it is possible to connect the sockets and the lighting system only after the repair is complete.
Determining the locations of future outlets, the marking of electrical wiring, as well as pipes, can be carried out directly on the walls. After, long mark lines, using a puncher, grooves are made into which the cable will be laid.
Finishing with facing materials
After finishing the rough work, you can start finishing the floor, walls, and then the ceiling. For convenience, finishing work is also best done in a specific sequence:
- First, you need to prime the walls and floor and make sure that all surfaces are level and that wires and pipes are not visible anywhere.
- Then the floor tiles laid out. It is necessary to ensure that no voids remain between the tiles during the installation process. The seams must be clean and rubbed.
Tip: if you going to install a bathtub with a closing screen, you can not put tiles on the floor, which will be hidden under it, to save material.
- After the floor, the walls are cover with the selected material.
- In the end, the ceiling is tidied up.
There are many options for finishing the ceiling:
- coating with water-based paint;
- installation of a suspended or suspended ceiling;
- installation of plastic panels.
Toilet, sink, bidet, shower or bathtub, faucets install after the completion of finishing work. This will help not only to avoid damage to plumbing but also to ensure the accessibility of all surfaces of the room.
Installation of electrical equipment, doors, and accessories
After finishing the installation of plumbing and a washing machine, which requires a 3a free doorway, you can install the door. Now you can safely start installing sockets, switches, and lamps. In addition, it’s time to take care of ventilation, which is the best-done force by equipping the duct with a fan. It remains to hang mirrors, hooks for towels in the bathroom, equip shelves, and do not forget about the paper holder in the toilet.